Universalis
Tuesday 23 October 2018    (other days)
Saint John of Capistrano, Priest 
 or Tuesday of week 29 in Ordinary Time 

Office of Readings

If this is the first Hour that you are reciting today, you should precede it with the Invitatory Psalm.


INTRODUCTION
Deus, in adiutórium meum inténde.
  Dómine, ad adiuvándum me festína.
Glória Patri et Fílio*
  et Spirítui Sancto.
Sicut erat in princípio et nunc et semper*
  et in sǽcula sæculórum.
Amen. Allelúia.
INTRODUCTION
O God, come to our aid.
  O Lord, make haste to help us.
Glory be to the Father and to the Son
  and to the Holy Spirit,
as it was in the beginning,
  is now, and ever shall be,
  world without end.
Amen. Alleluia.

Hymnus
Dum sacerdótum célebrant fidéles
festa sollémni veneránda cultu,
in tuas laudes honor hic redúndat,
summe Sacérdos.
Cuius ex dono potuére patres
sémitas lucis pópulos docére,
móribus sanctis régere atque verbo
páscere vitæ.
Sed nec advérsis póterant movéri
a tuæ certo fídei tenóre,
quos futurórum rata præmiórum
spes animábat.
Unde post vitæ frágilis labóres
rite decúrsos, pátrias adépti
cǽlitus sedes, sólida beáti
pace fruúntur.
Glóriæ summum decus atque laudis,
rex, tibi, regum, Déitas perénnis,
quicquid est rerum célebret per omne
tempus et ævum. Amen.
Hymn
Worship, glory, praise and honour
To our God, high-throned above:
We, with many generations
Join to praise thy name of love.
In the scriptures, by the Spirit,
May we see the Saviour’s face,
Hear his word and heed his calling,
Know his will and grow in grace.

Ps 9B:1-11
Gratiarum actio

Beati pauperes, quia vestrum est regnum Dei” (Lc 6, 20).

Iudicábit Dóminus in iustítia páuperes.
1Ut quid, Dómine, stas a longe,*
  abscóndis te in opportunitátibus, in tribulatióne?
2Dum supérbit, ímpius inséquitur páuperem;*
  comprehendántur in consíliis, quæ cógitant.
3Quóniam gloriátur peccátor in desidériis ánimæ suæ,*
  et avárus sibi benedícit.
4Spernit Dóminum peccátor in arrogántia sua:*
  «Non requíret, non est Deus».
5Hæ sunt omnes cogitatiónes eius;*
  prosperántur viæ illíus in omni témpore.
Excélsa nimis iudícia tua a fácie eius;*
  omnes inimícos suos aspernátur.
6Dixit enim in corde suo: «Non movébor,*
  in generatiónem et generatiónem ero sine malo».
7Cuius maledictióne os plenum est et frauduléntia et dolo,*
  sub lingua eius labor et nequítia.
8Sedet in insídiis ad vicos,*
  in occúltis intérficit innocéntem.
9Oculi eius in páuperem respíciunt;*
  insidiátur in abscóndito quasi leo in spelúnca sua.
Insidiátur, ut rápiat páuperem;*
  rapit páuperem, dum áttrahit in láqueum suum.
10Irruit et inclínat se, et míseri cadunt*
  in fortitúdine brachiórum eius.
11Dixit enim in corde suo: «Oblítus est Deus,*
  avértit fáciem suam, non vidébit in finem».
Glória Patri et Fílio*
  et Spirítui Sancto.
Sicut erat in princípio et nunc et semper*
  et in sǽcula sæculórum.
Amen.
Iudicábit Dóminus in iustítia páuperes.
Psalm 9B (10)
Thanksgiving
The Lord will protect the rights of the oppressed.
With what purpose, Lord, do you stay away,
  hide yourself in time of need and trouble?
The wicked in their pride persecute the weak,
  trap them in the plots they have devised.
The sinner glories in his desires,
  the miser congratulates himself.
The sinner in his arrogance rejects the Lord:
  “there is no God, no retribution.”
This is what he thinks
 – and all goes well for him.
Your judgements are far beyond his comprehension:
  he despises all who stand against him.
The sinner says to himself: “I will stand firm;
  nothing can touch me, from generation to generation.”
His mouth is full of malice and deceit,
  under his tongue hide trouble and distress.
He lies in ambush by the villages,
  he kills the innocent in some secret place.
He watches the weak,
  he hides like a lion in its lair, and makes plans.
He plans to rob the weak,
  lure him to his trap and rob him.
He rushes in, makes a dive,
  and the poor victim is caught.
For he has said to himself, “God has forgotten.
  He is not watching, he will never see.”
Glory be to the Father and to the Son
  and to the Holy Spirit,
as it was in the beginning,
  is now, and ever shall be,
  world without end.
Amen.
The Lord will protect the rights of the oppressed.

Ps 9B:12-18
Tu, Dómine, labórem et dolórem consíderas.
12Exsúrge, Dómine Deus; exálta manum tuam,*
  ne obliviscáris páuperum.
13Propter quid spernit ímpius Deum?*
  Dixit enim in corde suo: «Non requíres».
14Vidísti:†
  tu labórem et dolórem consíderas,*
  ut tradas eos in manus tuas.
Tibi derelíctus est pauper,*
  órphano tu factus es adiútor.
15Cóntere bráchium peccatóris et malígni;*
  quæres peccátum illíus et non invénies.
16Dóminus rex in ætérnum et in sǽculum sǽculi:*
  periérunt gentes de terra illíus.
17Desidérium páuperum exaudísti, Dómine;*
  confirmábis cor eórum, inténdes aurem tuam
18iudicáre pupíllo et húmili,*
  ut non appónat ultra indúcere timórem homo de terra.
Glória Patri et Fílio*
  et Spirítui Sancto.
Sicut erat in princípio et nunc et semper*
  et in sǽcula sæculórum.
Amen.
Tu, Dómine, labórem et dolórem consíderas.
Psalm 9B (10)
Lord, you have seen our trouble and our sorrow.
Rise up, Lord, raise your hand!
  Do not forget the weak.
Why does the wicked man spurn God?
  Because he says to himself, “you will not take revenge.”
But you do see: you see the trouble and the pain,
  and then you take things into your own hands.
The weak fall to your care,
  and you are the help of the orphan.
Break the arms of the sinner and evil-doer:
  seek out wickedness until there is no more to be found.
The Lord is King for ever and for ever.
  The Gentiles have perished from his land.
You have heard the prayer of the weak, Lord,
  and you will strengthen their hearts.
You will lend your ear to the pleas of the orphans and the helpless,
  so mere mortals can frighten them no longer.
Glory be to the Father and to the Son
  and to the Holy Spirit,
as it was in the beginning,
  is now, and ever shall be,
  world without end.
Amen.
Lord, you have seen our trouble and our sorrow.

Ps 11:2-8
Invocatio contra superbos

Propter nos pauperes Pater Filium dignatus est mittere” (S. Augustinus).

Elóquia Dómini elóquia casta; argéntum igne examinátum.
2Salvum me fac, Dómine, quóniam defécit sanctus,*
  quóniam deminúti sunt fidéles a fíliis hóminum.
3Vana locúti sunt unusquísque ad próximum suum;*
  in lábiis dolósis, in dúplici corde locúti sunt.
4Dispérdat Dóminus univérsa lábia dolósa*
  et linguam magníloquam.
5Qui dixérunt: «Lingua nostra magnificábimur,†
  lábia nostra a nobis sunt;*
  quis noster dóminus est?».
«6Propter misériam ínopum et gémitum páuperum,†
  nunc exsúrgam, dicit Dóminus;*
  ponam in salutári illum, quem despíciunt».
7Elóquia Dómini elóquia casta,*
  argéntum igne examinátum, separátum a terra, purgátum séptuplum.
8Tu, Dómine, servábis nos et custódies nos*
  a generatióne hac in ætérnum.
In circúitu ímpii ámbulant,*
  cum exaltántur sordes inter fílios hóminum.
Glória Patri et Fílio*
  et Spirítui Sancto.
Sicut erat in princípio et nunc et semper*
  et in sǽcula sæculórum.
Amen.
Elóquia Dómini elóquia casta; argéntum igne examinátum.
Psalm 11 (12)
A prayer against the proud
The words of the Lord are words without alloy, silver from the furnace, seven times refined.
Save me, Lord, for the good men are all gone:
  there is no-one to be trusted among the sons of men.
Neighbour speaks falsehood to neighbour:
  with lying lips and crooked hearts they speak.
Let the Lord condemn all lying lips,
  all boastful tongues.
They say “Our tongues will make us great,
  our lips are ours, we have no master.”
“On account of the sufferings of the poor,
  the groans of the weak, I will rise up,” says the Lord.
  “I will bring to safety the one whom men despise.”
The words of the Lord are pure words,
  silver tried by fire, freed from dross,
  silver seven times refined.
You, Lord, will help us
  and guard us from now to all eternity –
while the wicked walk round outside,
  where the vilest are most honoured of the children of men.
Glory be to the Father and to the Son
  and to the Holy Spirit,
as it was in the beginning,
  is now, and ever shall be,
  world without end.
Amen.
The words of the Lord are words without alloy, silver from the furnace, seven times refined.

℣. Díriget Dóminus mansuétos in iudício.
℟. Docébit mites vias suas.
℣. The Lord guides his humble in the right path.
℟. He teaches his way to the poor.

Lectio prior
De libro Esther 4, 1-8. 8 a. 9-17
1Cum comperísset Mardochǽus ómnia, quæ accíderant, scidit vestiménta sua et indútus est sacco spargens cínerem cápiti. Et in platéa médiæ civitátis voce magna et amára clamábat 2usque ad fores palátii grádiens; non enim erat lícitum indútum sacco aulam regis intráre. 3In ómnibus quoque provínciis, quocúmque edíctum et dogma regis pervénerat, planctus ingens erat apud Iudǽos, ieiúnium, ululátus et fletus, sacco et cínere multis pro strato uténtibus.
  4Ingréssæ sunt autem puéllæ Esther et eunúchi nuntiaverúntque ei. Quod áudiens consternáta est valde et misit vestem, ut, abláto sacco, indúerent eum; quam accípere nóluit. 5Accitóque Athach eunúcho, quem rex minístrum ei déderat, prǽcépit ei, ut iret ad Mardochǽum et dísceret ab eo cur hoc fáceret. 6Egressúsque Athach ivit ad Mardochǽum stantem in platéa civitátis ante óstium palátii. 7Qui indicávit ei ómnia, quæ ei accíderant, quantum Aman promisísset, ut in thesáuros regis pro Iudæórum nece inférret argéntum. 8Exémplar quoque edícti, quod pendébat in Susan ad perdéndum eos, dedit ei, ut regínæ osténderet et monéret eam, ut intráret ad regem et deprecarétur eum et rogáret pro pópulo suo. 8a«Memor, inquit, diérum humilitátis tuæ, quando nutríta sis in manu mea, quia Aman secúndus a rege locútus est contra nos in mortem. Et tu ínvoca Dóminum et lóquere regi pro nobis et líbera nos de morte».
  9Regréssus Athach nuntiávit Esther ómnia, quæ Mardochǽus díxerat. 10Quæ respóndit ei et iussit, ut díceret Mardochǽo: 11«Omnes servi regis et cunctæ, quæ sub dicióne eius sunt, norunt provínciæ, quod cuíque sive viro sive mulíeri, qui non vocátus intérius átrium regis intráverit, una lex sit, ut statim interficiátur, nisi forte rex áuream virgam ad eum teténderit, ut possit vívere; ego autem trigínta iam diébus non sum vocáta ad regem». 12Quod cum audísset Mardochǽus, 13rursum mandávit Esther dicens: «Ne putes quod ánimam tuam tantum líberes, quia in domo regis es, præ cunctis Iudǽis. 14Si enim nunc silúeris, aliúnde Iudǽis liberátio et salvátio exsúrget, et tu et domus patris tui períbitis; et quis novit utrum idcírco ad regnum véneris, ut in tali témpore pararéris?».
  15Rursúmque Esther hæc Mardochǽo verba mandávit: 16«Vade et cóngrega omnes Iudǽos, qui in Susan reperiúntur; et ieiunáte pro me. Non comedátis et non bibátis tribus diébus et tribus nóctibus, et ego cum ancíllis meis simíliter ieiunábo; et tunc ingrédiar ad regem contra legem fáciens: si péreo, péreo». 17Ivit ítaque Mardochǽus et fecit ómnia, quæ ei Esther mandáverat.
First ReadingEsther 4:1-17 ©
Haman procures an order for the destruction of the Jews
When Mordecai learned what had happened, he tore his garments and put on sackcloth and ashes. Then he went right through the city, wailing loud and bitterly, until he arrived in front of the Chancellery, which no one clothed in sackcloth was allowed to enter. And in every province, no sooner had the royal edict been read than among the Jews there was great mourning, fasting, weeping and wailing, and many lay on sackcloth and ashes.
  When Queen Esther’s maids and eunuchs came and told her, she was overcome with grief. She sent clothes for Mordecai to put on instead of his sackcloth, but he refused them. Then Esther summoned Hathach, a eunuch whom the king had appointed to wait on her, and ordered him to go to Mordecai and enquire what was the matter and why he was acting in this way.
  Hathach went out to Mordecai, who was still in the city square in front of the Chancellery, and Mordecai told him what had happened to him personally, and also about the sum of money which Haman had offered to pay into the royal treasury as compensation for the destruction of the Jews. He also gave him a copy of the edict of extermination published in Susa for him to show Esther for her information, with the message that she was to go to the king and implore his favour and plead with him for her people. ‘Remember your humbler circumstances,’ he said ‘when you were fed by my hand. Since Haman, the second person in the realm, has petitioned the king for our deaths, invoke the Lord, speak to the king for us and save us from death!’
  Hathach came back and told Esther what Mordecai had said; and she replied with the following message for Mordecai, ‘All the king’s servants and the people of his provinces know that for a man or woman who approaches the king in the inner court without being summoned there is one penalty: death, unless, by pointing his golden sceptre towards him, the king grants him his life. And I have not been summoned to the king for the last thirty days.’
  These words of Esther were reported to Mordecai, who sent back the following reply, ‘Do not suppose that, because you are in the king’s palace, you are going to be the one Jew to escape. No; if you persist in remaining silent at such a time, relief and deliverance will come to the Jews from another place, but both you and the House of your father will perish. Who knows? Perhaps you have come to the throne for just such a time as this.’
  Whereupon Esther sent this reply to Mordecai, ‘Go and assemble all the Jews now in Susa and fast for me. Do not eat or drink day or night for three days. For my part, I and my maids will keep the same fast, after which I shall go to the king in spite of the law; and if I perish, I perish.’ Mordecai went away and carried out Esther’s instructions.
Responsorium
Cf. Est 14, 14 (Vg); Tob 3, 13 (Vg); Iudt 6, 15 (Vg)
℟. Spem in álium numquam hábui, prætérquam in te, Deus Israel;* Qui irascéris et propítius eris et ómnia peccáta hóminum in tribulatióne dimíttis.
℣. Dómine Deus, creátor cæli et terræ, réspice ad humilitátem nostram.* Qui irascéris.
Responsory
Est 14:14; Ps 103:8-10; Jdt 6:19
℟. Never have I relied on anyone but you alone, O God of Israel.* Even though you be angry, yet will you be merciful and forgive the offences of those who suffer misfortune.
℣. Lord God of heaven and earth, relieve our distress.* Even though you be angry, yet will you be merciful and forgive the offences of those who suffer misfortune.

Lectio altera
Ex Tractátu de Spéculo Clericórum sancti Ioánnis de Capestráno presbýteri (Pars I, Venetiæ 1580, 2)
Proborum clericorum vita illuminat et serenat
Qui ad mensam Dómini sunt vocáti, nitóre fúlgeant exemplári compéndio vitæ laudábilis et morális, omni depúlsa spurcítia seu immundítia vitiórum. Tamquam sal terræ pro seípsis et réliquis honorabíliter convivéntes et discretióne fúlgida tamquam lux mundi céteros illustrántes, intéllegant ab excélso doctóre Christo Iesu, quod non solum Apóstolis et discípulis, verum étiam cunctis successóribus presbýteris et cléricis intonávit dicens: Vos estis sal terræ; quod si sal evanúerit, in quo saliétur? Ad níhilum valet ultra, nisi ut mittátur foras et conculcétur ab homínibus.
  Vere conculcátur ab homínibus, tamquam fimus vilíssimus, immúndus clerus et sórdidus, madefáctus spurcítia vitiórum et caténis críminum irretítus, ut nec sibi nec áliis iam quicquam valére putétur; quia ut dicit Gregórius: «Cuius vita despícitur, restat ut eius prædicátio contemnátur».
  Qui autem bene præsunt presbýteri dúplici honóre digni habeántur, máxime qui labórant in verbo et doctrína. Dúplici síquidem honóre fungúntur digni presbýteri, reáli vidélicet et personáli, sive temporáli páriter et spiritáli, vel transitório dénique cum ætérno; nam etsi in terris hábitent natúræ necessitúdini subiugáti cum mortálibus creatúris, ánxie tamen sátagunt in cælis cum ángelis conversári, ut accépti sint regi, intellegéntes minístri. Quámobrem, sicut sol óriens mundo in altíssimis Dei, sic lúceat lux cleri coram homínibus, ut eórum bona ópera intuéntes, gloríficent Patrem qui in cælis est.
  Vos estis lux mundi. Nam, sicut lux nedum seípsam irrádiet, sed cétera circumquáque diffúndens suos rádios conspécta perlústret, ita probórum et iustórum clericórum luminósa vita se contuéntes fulgóre sanctitátis illúminat et serénat. Ad curam ígitur pósitus aliórum, in seípso debet osténdere quáliter álios in domo Dómini opórteat conversári.
Second Reading
A treatise by St John of Capestrano
The lives of good clerics bring light and serenity
Those who are called to the table of the Lord must glow with the brightness that comes from the good example of a praiseworthy and blameless life. They must completely remove from their lives the filth and uncleanness of vice. Their upright lives must make them like the salt of the earth for themselves and for the rest of mankind. The brightness of their wisdom must make them like the light of the world that brings light to others. They must learn from their eminent teacher, Jesus Christ, what he declared not only to his apostles and disciples, but also to all the priests and clerics who were to succeed them, when he said: You are the salt of the earth. But what if salt goes flat? How can you restore its flavour? Then it is good for nothing but to be thrown out and trampled underfoot.
  Truly the unclean, immoral cleric is trampled underfoot like worthless manure. He is saturated with the filth of vice and entangled in the chains of sin. In this condition he must be considered worthless both to himself and to others. As Gregory says: “When a man’s life is frowned upon, it follows that his preaching will be despised.”
  Presbyters who are born leaders deserve to be doubly honoured, especially those who labour in preaching and teaching. It is indeed a double task that worthy priests perform, that is to say, it is both exterior and interior, both temporal and spiritual, and, finally, both a passing task and an eternal one.
  Even though they dwell on earth and are bound by the same necessities of nature along with all mortal creatures, at the same time they are engaged in earnest communication with the angels in heaven, so that they may be pleasing to their king and learn how to serve him. Therefore, just as the sun rises over the world in God’s heaven, so clerics must let their light shine before men so that they may see their good deeds and give praise to their heavenly Father.
  You are the light of the world. Now a light does not illumine itself, but instead it diffuses its rays and shines all around upon everything that comes into its view. So it must be with the glowing lives of upright and holy clerics. By the brightness of their holiness they must bring light and serenity to all who gaze upon them. They have been placed here to care for others. Their own lives should be an example to others, showing how they must live in the house of the Lord.
Responsorium
Eccli 4, 28-29; 2 Tim 4, 2
℟. Ne retíneas verbum in témpore suo, non abscóndas sapiéntiam tuam in decórem.* In verbo enim agnóscitur sapiéntia et sensus in responsióne linguæ.
℣. Prǽdica verbum: insta opportúne, importúne, árgue, íncrepa, óbsecra in omni patiéntia et doctrína.* In verbo.
Responsory
℟. Do not remain silent when you should speak, and do not hide your wisdom;* for wisdom is recognised in speech, and it is the tongue that gives good counsel.
℣. Proclaim the message and, welcome or unwelcome, insist on it. Refute falsehood, correct error, call to obedience – but do all with the patience that the work of teaching requires,* for wisdom is recognised in speech, and it is the tongue that gives good counsel.

Oremus.
  Deus, qui ad pópulum fidélem in angústiis confortándum beátum Ioánnem suscitásti, præsta, quǽsumus, ut nos in tuæ protectiónis securitáte constítuas et Ecclésiam tuam perpétua pace custódias.
Per Dóminum nostrum Iesum Christum, Fílium tuum,
qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitáte Spíritus Sancti, Deus,
per ómnia sǽcula sæculórum.
Amen.
Let us pray.
Almighty God, you sent Saint John of Capestrano
  to comfort Christian people in a time of distress.
Keep us, we pray, in the safety of your protection,
  and give your Church lasting peace.
Through our Lord Jesus Christ, your Son,
  who lives and reigns with you in the unity of the Holy Spirit,
  one God, for ever and ever.
Amen.

Benedicámus Dómino.
– Deo grátias.
Let us praise the Lord.
– Thanks be to God.

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