Universalis
Monday 24 January 2022    (other days)
Saint Francis de Sales, Bishop, Doctor 
 on Monday of week 3 in Ordinary Time

Office of Readings

If this is the first Hour that you are reciting today, you should precede it with the Invitatory Psalm.
INTRODUCTION
Deus, in adiutórium meum inténde.
  Dómine, ad adiuvándum me festína.
Glória Patri et Fílio*
  et Spirítui Sancto.
Sicut erat in princípio et nunc et semper*
  et in sǽcula sæculórum.
Amen. Allelúia.
INTRODUCTION
O God, come to our aid.
  O Lord, make haste to help us.
Glory be to the Father and to the Son
  and to the Holy Spirit,
as it was in the beginning,
  is now, and ever shall be,
  world without end.
Amen. Alleluia.

Hymnus
Ætérne sol, qui lúmine
creáta comples ómnia,
supréma lux et méntium,
te corda nostra cóncinunt.
Tuo fovénte Spíritu,
hic viva luminária
fulsére, per quæ sǽculis
patent salútis sémitæ.
Quod verba missa cǽlitus,
natíva mens quod éxhibet,
per hos minístros grátiæ
novo nitóre cláruit.
Horum corónæ párticeps,
doctrína honéstus lúcida,
hic vir beátus splénduit
quem prædicámus láudibus.
Ipso favénte, quǽsumus,
nobis, Deus, percúrrere
da veritátis trámitem,
possímus ut te cónsequi.
Præsta, Pater piíssime,
Patríque compar Unice,
cum Spíritu Paráclito
regnans per omne sǽculum. Amen.
Hymn
O God of truth, prepare our minds
To hear and heed your holy word;
Fill every heart that longs for you
With your mysterious presence, Lord.
Almighty Father, with your Son
And blessed Spirit, hear our prayer:
Teach us to love eternal truth
And seek its freedom everywhere.
Stanbrook Abbey Hymnal

Ps 49:1-6
Vera in Dominum pietas

Non veni solvere legem, sed adimplere” (Cf. Mt 5, 17).

Deus noster maniféste véniet et non silébit.
1Deus deórum Dóminus locútus est*
  et vocávit terram a solis ortu usque ad occásum.
2Ex Sion speciósa decóre Deus illúxit,*
  3Deus noster véniet et non silébit:
ignis consúmens est in conspéctu eius*
  et in circúitu eius tempéstas válida.
4Advocábit cælum desúrsum*
  et terram discérnere pópulum suum:
«5Congregáte mihi sanctos meos,*
  qui disposuérunt testaméntum meum in sacrifício».
6Et annuntiábunt cæli iustítiam eius,*
  quóniam Deus iudex est.
Glória Patri et Fílio*
  et Spirítui Sancto.
Sicut erat in princípio et nunc et semper*
  et in sǽcula sæculórum.
Amen.
Deus noster maniféste véniet et non silébit.

Psalm 49 (50)
True reverence for the Lord

Our God comes openly, he keeps silence no longer.
The Lord, the God of gods has spoken:
  he has summoned the whole earth, from east to west.
God has shone forth from Zion in her great beauty.
  Our God will come, and he will not be silent.
Before him, a devouring fire;
  around him, a tempest rages.
He will call upon the heavens above, and on the earth, to judge his people.
“Bring together before me my chosen ones, who have sealed my covenant with sacrifice.”
The heavens will proclaim his justice; for God is the true judge.
Glory be to the Father and to the Son
  and to the Holy Spirit,
as it was in the beginning,
  is now, and ever shall be,
  world without end.
Amen.
Our God comes openly, he keeps silence no longer.

Ps 49:7-15

Immola Deo sacrifícium laudis.
«7Audi, pópulus meus, et loquar;†
  Israel, et testificábor advérsum te:*
  Deus, Deus tuus ego sum.
8Non in sacrifíciis tuis árguam te;*
  holocáusta enim tua in conspéctu meo sunt semper.
9Non accípiam de domo tua vítulos,*
  neque de grégibus tuis hircos.
10Quóniam meæ sunt omnes feræ silvárum,*
  iumentórum mille in móntibus.
11Cognóvi ómnia volatília cæli,*
  et, quod movétur in agro, meum est.
12Si esuríero non dicam tibi;*
  meus est enim orbis terræ et plenitúdo eius.
13Numquid manducábo carnes taurórum*
  aut sánguinem hircórum potábo?
14Immola Deo sacrifícium laudis*
  et redde Altíssimo vota tua;
15et ínvoca me in die tribulatiónis:*
  éruam te, et honorificábis me».
Glória Patri et Fílio*
  et Spirítui Sancto.
Sicut erat in princípio et nunc et semper*
  et in sǽcula sæculórum.
Amen.
Immola Deo sacrifícium laudis.

Psalm 49 (50)

Pay your sacrifice of thanksgiving to God.
Listen, my people, and I will speak;
  Israel, I will testify against you.
I am God, your God.
I will not reproach you with your sacrifices,
  for your burnt offerings are always before me.
But I will not accept calves from your houses,
  nor goats from your flocks.
For all the beasts of the forests are mine,
  and in the hills, a thousand animals.
All the birds of the air – I know them.
  Whatever moves in the fields – it is mine.
If I am hungry, I will not tell you;
  for the whole world is mine, and all that is in it.
Am I to eat the flesh of bulls,
  or drink the blood of goats?
Offer a sacrifice to God – a sacrifice of praise;
  to the Most High, fulfil your vows.
Then you may call upon me in the time of trouble:
  I will rescue you, and you will honour me.
Glory be to the Father and to the Son
  and to the Holy Spirit,
as it was in the beginning,
  is now, and ever shall be,
  world without end.
Amen.
Pay your sacrifice of thanksgiving to God.

Ps 49:16-23

Misericórdiam vólui et non sacrifícium: et sciéntiam Dei plus quam holocáusta.
16Peccatóri autem dixit Deus:†
  «Quare tu enárras præcépta mea*
  et assúmis testaméntum meum in os tuum?
17Tu vero odísti disciplínam*
  et proiecísti sermónes meos retrórsum.
18Si vidébas furem, currébas cum eo;*
  et cum adúlteris erat pórtio tua.
19Os tuum dimittébas ad malítiam,*
  et lingua tua concinnábat dolos.
20Sedens advérsus fratrem tuum loquebáris*
  et advérsus fílium matris tuæ proferébas oppróbrium.
21Hæc fecísti, et tácui.†
  Existimásti quod eram tui símilis.*
  Arguam te et státuam illa contra fáciem tuam.
22Intellégite hæc, qui obliviscímini Deum,*
  nequándo rápiam, et non sit qui erípiat.
23Qui immolábit sacrifícium laudis, honorificábit me,†
  et, qui immaculátus est in via,*
  osténdam illi salutáre Dei».
Glória Patri et Fílio*
  et Spirítui Sancto.
Sicut erat in princípio et nunc et semper*
  et in sǽcula sæculórum.
Amen.
Misericórdiam vólui et non sacrifícium: et sciéntiam Dei plus quam holocáusta.

Psalm 49 (50)

I want love, not sacrifice; knowledge of God, not holocausts.
To the sinner, God has said this:
Why do you recite my statutes?
  Why do you dare to speak my covenant?
For you hate what I teach you,
  and reject what I tell you.
The moment you saw a thief, you joined him;
  you threw in your lot with adulterers.
You spoke evil with your mouth,
  and your tongue made plans to deceive.
Solemnly seated, you denounced your own brother;
  you poured forth hatred against your own mother’s son.
All this you did, and I was silent;
  so you thought that I was just like you.
But I will reprove you –
  I will confront you with all you have done.
Understand this, you who forget God;
  lest I tear you apart, with no-one there to save you.
Whoever offers up a sacrifice of praise gives me true honour;
  whoever follows a sinless path in life will be shown the salvation of God.
Glory be to the Father and to the Son
  and to the Holy Spirit,
as it was in the beginning,
  is now, and ever shall be,
  world without end.
Amen.
I want love, not sacrifice; knowledge of God, not holocausts.

℣. Audies de ore meo verbum.
℟. Et annuntiábis eis ex me.
℣. You will hear the word from my mouth.
℟. You will speak to them in my name.

Lectio prior
De libro Deuteronómii 24, 1 — 25, 4

Præcepta erga proximum

In diébus illis: Locútus est Móyses pópulo dicens:
  24,1«Si accéperit homo uxórem et habúerit eam, et non invénerit grátiam ante óculos eius propter áliquam fœditátem, et scrípserit libéllum repúdii dederítque in manu illíus et dimíserit eam de domo sua, 2cumque egréssa alteríus uxor facta fúerit, 3et ille quoque óderit eam dederítque ei libéllum repúdii et dimíserit de domo sua, vel mórtuus fúerit, 4non póterit prior marítus recípere eam in uxórem, quia pollúta est; hoc esset abominátio coram Dómino. Ne peccáre fácias terram tuam, quam Dóminus Deus tuus tradíderit tibi possidéndam.
  5Cum accéperit homo nuper uxórem, non procédet ad bellum, nec ei quíppiam necessitátis iniungétur públicæ, sed vacábit liber dómui suæ, ut uno anno lætétur cum uxóre sua.
  6Non accípies loco pígnoris molam vel superiórem lápidem molárem, quia ánimam suam appósuit tibi.
  7Si deprehénsus fúerit homo rápiens unum de frátribus suis de fíliis Israel et, véndito eo, accípiens prétium, interficiétur; et áuferes malum de médio tui.
  8Obsérva diligénter, si incúrras plagam lepræ, quæcúmque docúerint vos sacerdótes levítici géneris; quod præcépi eis, impléte sollícite. 9Meménto, quæ fécerit Dóminus Deus tuus Maríæ in via, cum egrederémini de Ægýpto.
  10Cum mútuam dabis próximo tuo rem áliquam, non ingrediéris domum eius, ut pignus áuferas, 11sed stabis foris, et ille tibi pignus próferet, quod habúerit. 12Sin autem pauper est, non pernoctábit apud te pignus, 13sed statim reddes ei ad solis occásum, ut dórmiens in vestiménto suo benedícat tibi, et hábeas iustítiam coram Dómino Deo tuo.
  14Non negábis mercédem indigéntis et páuperis ex frátribus tuis sive ádvenis, qui tecum morántur in terra intra portas tuas, 15sed eádem die reddes ei prétium labóris sui ante solis occásum, quia pauper est, et illud desíderat ánima sua; ne clamet contra te ad Dóminum, et reputétur tibi in peccátum.
  16Non occidéntur patres pro fíliis, nec fílii pro pátribus, sed unusquísque pro peccáto suo moriétur.
  17Non pervértes iudícium ádvenæ et pupílli, nec áuferes pígnoris loco víduæ vestiméntum. 18Meménto quod servíeris in Ægýpto, et erúerit te Dóminus Deus tuus inde; idcírco præcípio tibi, ut fácias hanc rem. 19Quando messúeris ségetem in agro tuo et oblítus manípulum relíqueris, non revertéris, ut tollas eum, sed ádvenam et pupíllum et víduam auférre patiéris, ut benedícat tibi Dóminus Deus tuus in omni ópere mánuum tuárum. 20Si fruges collégeris olivárum, quidquid remánserit in arbóribus, non revertéris, ut cólligas, sed relínques ádvenæ, pupíllo ac víduæ. 21Si vindemiáveris víneam tuam, non cólliges remanéntes racémos, sed cedent in usus ádvenæ, pupílli ac víduæ. 22Meménto quod et tu servíeris in Ægýpto; et idcírco præcípio tibi, ut fácias hanc rem.
  25,1Si fúerit causa inter áliquos, et interpelláverint iúdices, quem iustum esse perspéxerint, illi iustítiæ palmam dabunt; quem ímpium, condemnábunt impietátis. 2Sin autem iudex eum, qui peccávit, dignum víderit plagis, prostérnet et coram se fáciet verberári; pro mensúra peccáti erit et plagárum modus, 3ita dumtáxat, ut quadragenárium númerum non excédant, ne ultra percússus plagis multis et fœde lacerátus ante óculos tuos ábeat frater tuus.
  4Non ligábis os bovis teréntis in área fruges tuas».
First Reading
Deuteronomy 24:1-25:4 ©

Relations with one's neighbour

Supposing a man has taken a wife and consummated the marriage; but she has not pleased him and he has found some impropriety of which to accuse her; so he has made out a writ of divorce for her and handed it to her and then dismissed her from his house; she leaves his home and goes away to become the wife of another man. If this other man takes a dislike to her and makes out a writ of divorce for her and hands it to her and dismisses her from his house (or if this other man who took her as his wife happens to die), her first husband, who has repudiated her, may not take her back as his wife now that she has been defiled in this way. For that is detestable in the sight of the Lord, and you must not bring guilt on the land that the Lord your God gives for your inheritance.
  If a man is newly married, he shall not join the army nor is he to be pestered at home; he shall be left at home free of all obligations for one year to bring joy to the wife he has taken.
  No man may take a mill or a millstone in pledge; that would be to take life itself in pledge.
  If anyone is found kidnapping one of his brothers, one of the sons of Israel, whether he makes him his slave or sells him, that thief must die. You must banish this evil from your midst.
  In a case of leprosy, take care you faithfully observe and follow exactly all that the levitical priests direct you to do. You are to keep and observe all that I have commanded them. Remember what the Lord your God did to Miriam when you were on your way out of Egypt.
  If you are making your fellow a loan on pledge, you are not to go into his house and seize the pledge, whatever it may be. You must stay outside, and the man to whom you are making the loan shall bring the pledge out to you. And if the man is poor, you are not to go to bed with his pledge in your possession; you must return it to him at sunset so that he can sleep in his cloak and bless you; and it will be a good action on your part in the sight of the Lord your God.
  You are not to exploit the hired servant who is poor and destitute, whether he is one of your brothers or a stranger who lives in your towns. You must pay him his wage each day, not allowing the sun to set before you do, for he is poor and is anxious for it; otherwise he may appeal to the Lord against you, and it would be a sin for you.
  Fathers may not be put to death for their sons, nor sons for fathers. Each is to be put to death for his own sin.
  You must not pervert justice in dealing with a stranger or an orphan, nor take a widow’s garment in pledge. Remember that you were a slave in Egypt and that the Lord your God redeemed you from there. That is why I lay this charge on you.
  When reaping the harvest in your field, if you have overlooked a sheaf in that field, do not go back for it. Leave it for the stranger, the orphan and the widow, so that the Lord your God may bless you in all your undertakings.
  When you beat your olive trees you must not go over the branches twice. Let anything left be for the stranger, the orphan and the widow.
  When you harvest your vineyard you must not pick it over a second time. Let anything left be for the stranger, the orphan and the widow.
  Remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt. That is why I lay this charge on you.
  If men have any dispute they must go to court for the judges to decide between them; these must declare the one who is right to be in the right, the one who is wrong to be in the wrong. If the one who is in the wrong deserves a flogging, the judge shall make him lie down and have him flogged in his presence with the number of strokes proportionate to his offence. He may impose forty strokes but no more, lest the flogging be too severe and your brother be degraded in your eyes.
  You must not muzzle an ox when it is treading out the corn.
Responsorium
Cf. Mc 12, 32-33; Eccli 35, 4 b-5 a
℟. In veritáte dixísti, Magíster, quia unus est Deus et dilígere eum ex toto corde;* Et dilígere próximum tamquam seípsum maius est ómnibus holocautomátibus et sacrifíciis.
℣. Qui facit eleemósynam offert sacrifícium laudis; beneplácitum est Dómino recédere ab iniquitáte.* Et dilígere.
Responsory
Mk 12:32-33; Si 35:2-3
℟. Master, you have truly said that God is one;* and to love him with all our heart and to love our neighbour as ourselves is far more than any burnt offerings or sacrifices.
℣. A kindness repaid is an offering of flour; the way to please the Lord is to renounce evil,* and to love him with all our heart and to love our neighbour as ourselves is far more than any burnt offerings or sacrifices.

Lectio altera
Ex Introductióne ad vitam devótam sancti Francísci de Sales epíscopi (Pars 1, cap. 3)

Diversimode devotio est exercenda

In ipsa rerum creatióne plantis mandávit Creátor Deus, ut unaquǽque fructum ferret secúndum genus suum: ita christiánis, qui vivæ Ecclésiæ suæ plantæ sunt, imperávit ut quisque devotiónis fructum pro qualitáte, statu et vocatióne sua proférret.
  Diversímode, inquam, devótio est exercénda a nóbili vidélicet et ab opífice, a fámulo et a príncipe, a vídua et a puélla innúpta, ac coniugáta. Immo ne hoc quidem satis est; sed et ipsa devotiónis praxis, víribus, negótiis et offíciis cuiúsque particulátim est accommodánda.
  Dic mihi, óbsecro, Philóthea mea, num consentáneum sit, ut epíscopi, Carthusianórum instar, solitúdinem consectári velint; coniugáti non magis de pecúlio suo adaugéndo sollíciti sint quam Capuccíni; religiósi in morem, ópifex totos dies in templo agat; et religiósus, ex contrário, ad omnes casus et evéntus, qui próximi necessitátem consequúntur, epíscopi exémplo, semper sit expósitus; an non devótio hæc ridícula, inordináta et intolerábilis esset?
  Hic tamen error et absúrditas sæpíssime occúrrit. Nequáquam, Philóthea mea: étenim devótio, dúmmodo ea vera et sincéra sit, nihil omníno déstruit, sed cuncta pérficit et consúmmat, et si quando legítime alicúius vocatióni ac státui repúgnat et adversátur, haud dúbie falsa est.
  Apis ita suum ex flóribus mel cólligit, ut eos mínime lædat aut déstruat, tam eos íntegros, intaminátos et recéntes relínquens atque eos répperit. Mélius vero id præstat vera devótio: nam ádeo nullum vocatiónis aut negotiórum genus déstruit, ut ea étiam exórnet ac condécoret.
  Nam ut quǽlibet gemmæ, melli impósitæ, pro suo quæque colóre fulgentióres et rutilantióres sunt, sic in sua quisque vocatióne accéptior fit et perféctior, si devotióni illam coniúngat. Per hanc tibi enim et famíliæ cura longe rédditur quiétior, mútuus inter marítum et uxórem amor sincérior, obséquium príncipi débitum fidélius, et omnes quotquot sunt, occupatiónes suavióres et melióres.
  Error proínde est, quin et hǽresis, devotiónis exercítium a cohórtibus militáribus, ab officína opíficum, ab aulis príncipum, a família coniugatórum velle exclúdere; fáteor quidem, caríssima Philóthea, devotiónem, quæ pure contemplatíva, monástica et religiósa est, hisce in offíciis et státibus mínime exercéri posse; at præter triplex hoc devotiónis genus, sunt et ália multa ad eos qui in státibus sæculáribus vivunt perficiéndos peraccommodáta.
  Ubicúmque locórum ergo sumus, ad vitam perféctam aspiráre et debémus et póssumus.
Second Reading
From The Introduction to the Devout Life by Saint Francis de Sales, bishop

Devotion must be practised in different ways

When God the Creator made all things, he commanded the plants to bring forth fruit each according to its own kind; he has likewise commanded Christians, who are the living plants of his Church, to bring forth the fruits of devotion, each one in accord with his character, his station and his calling.
  I say that devotion must be practised in different ways by the nobleman and by the working man, by the servant and by the prince, by the widow, by the unmarried girl and by the married woman. But even this distinction is not sufficient; for the practice of devotion must be adapted to the strength, to the occupation and to the duties of each one in particular.
  Tell me, please, my Philothea, whether it is proper for a bishop to want to lead a solitary life like a Carthusian; or for married people to be no more concerned than a Capuchin about increasing their income; or for a working man to spend his whole day in church like a religious; or on the other hand for a religious to be constantly exposed like a bishop to all the events and circumstances that bear on the needs of our neighbour. Is not this sort of devotion ridiculous, unorganised and intolerable? Yet this absurd error occurs very frequently; but in no way does true devotion, my Philothea, destroy anything at all. On the contrary, it perfects and fulfils all things. In fact if it ever works against, or is inimical to, anyone’s legitimate station and calling, then it is very definitely false devotion.
  The bee collects honey from flowers in such a way as to do the least damage or destruction to them, and he leaves them whole, undamaged and fresh, just as he found them. True devotion does still better. Not only does it not injure any sort of calling or occupation, it even embellishes and enhances it.
  Moreover, just as every sort of gem, cast in honey, becomes brighter and more sparkling, each according to its colour, so each person becomes more acceptable and fitting in his own vocation when he sets his vocation in the context of devotion. Through devotion your family cares become more peaceful, mutual love between husband and wife becomes more sincere, the service we owe to the prince becomes more faithful, and our work, no matter what it is, becomes more pleasant and agreeable.
  It is therefore an error and even a heresy to wish to exclude the exercise of devotion from military divisions, from the artisans’ shops, from the courts of princes, from family households. I acknowledge, my dear Philothea, that the type of devotion which is purely contemplative, monastic and religious can certainly not be exercised in these sorts of stations and occupations, but besides this threefold type of devotion, there are many others fit for perfecting those who live in a secular state.
  Therefore, in whatever situations we happen to be, we can and we must aspire to the life of perfection.
Responsorium
Eph 4, 32 — 5, 1; Mt 11, 29 ab
℟. Estóte ínvicem benígni, misericórdes, donántes ínvicem, sicut et Deus in Christo donávit vobis.* Estóte ergo imitatóres Dei, sicut fílii caríssimi.
℣. Tóllite iugum meum super vos et díscite a me, quia mitis sum et húmilis corde.* Estóte.
Responsory
℟. Be friends with one another, and kind, forgiving each other as readily as God forgave you in Christ.* Try, then, to imitate God, as children of his that he loves.
℣. Shoulder my yoke and learn from me, for I am gentle and humble of heart.* Try, then, to imitate God, as children of his that he loves.

Oremus.
  Deus, qui ad animárum salútem beátum Francíscum, epíscopum, ómnibus ómnia factum esse voluísti, concéde propítius, ut, eius exémplo, tuæ mansuetúdinem caritátis in fratrum servítio semper ostendámus.
Per Dóminum nostrum Iesum Christum, Fílium tuum,
qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitáte Spíritus Sancti, Deus,
per ómnia sǽcula sæculórum.
Amen.
Let us pray.
Grant, Lord, that in the service of our fellow-men
we may always reflect your own gentleness and love,
  and so imitate Saint Francis de Sales,
  whom you made all things to all men for the saving of souls.
Through our Lord Jesus Christ, your Son,
who lives and reigns with you in the unity of the Holy Spirit,
God, for ever and ever.
Amen.

Benedicámus Dómino.
– Deo grátias.
Let us praise the Lord.
– Thanks be to God.

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