Universalis
Saturday 3 December 2016    (other days)
Saint Francis Xavier, Priest 
 (Saturday of the 1st week of Advent)

Office of Readings

If you have already recited the Invitatory Psalm today, you should use the alternative opening.


Dómine, lábia mea apéries.
  Et os meum annuntiábit laudem tuam.
Lord, open our lips.
  And we shall praise your name.
Ps 23:1-10

Christo apertæ sunt portæ cæli propter carnalem eius assumptionem” (S. Irenæus).

Christum, pastórum príncipem, veníte, adorémus.
(repeat antiphon*)
1Dómini est terra et plenitúdo eius,*
  orbis terrárum et qui hábitant in eo.
2Quia ipse super mária fundávit eum*
  et super flúmina firmávit eum.
(repeat antiphon*)
3Quis ascéndet in montem Dómini,*
  aut quis stabit in loco sancto eius?
4Innocens mánibus et mundo corde,†
  qui non levávit ad vana ánimam suam,*
  nec iurávit in dolum.
5Hic accípiet benedictiónem a Dómino*
  et iustificatiónem a Deo salutári suo.
6Hæc est generátio quæréntium eum,*
  quæréntium fáciem Dei Iacob.
(repeat antiphon*)
7Attóllite, portæ, cápita vestra,†
  et elevámini, portæ æternáles,*
  et introíbit rex glóriæ.
8Quis est iste rex glóriæ?*
  Dóminus fortis et potens, Dóminus potens in prœ́lio.
(repeat antiphon*)
9Attóllite, portæ, cápita vestra,†
  et elevámini, portæ æternáles,*
  et introíbit rex glóriæ.
10Quis est iste rex glóriæ?*
  Dóminus virtútum ipse est rex glóriæ.
(repeat antiphon*)
Glória Patri et Fílio*
  et Spirítui Sancto.
Sicut erat in princípio et nunc et semper*
  et in sǽcula sæculórum.
Amen.
Christum, pastórum príncipem, veníte, adorémus.*
Invitatory PsalmPsalm 23 (24)
Christ is the chief shepherd, the leader of his flock: come, let us adore him.
(repeat antiphon*)
The Lord’s is the earth and its fullness,
  the world and all who live in it.
He himself founded it upon the seas
  and set it firm over the waters.
(repeat antiphon*)
Who will climb the mountain of the Lord?
  Who will stand in his holy place?
The one who is innocent of wrongdoing and pure of heart,
  who has not given himself to vanities or sworn falsely.
He will receive the blessing of the Lord
  and be justified by God his saviour.
This is the way of those who seek him,
  seek the face of the God of Jacob.
(repeat antiphon*)
Gates, raise your heads. Stand up, eternal doors,
  and let the king of glory enter.
Who is the king of glory?
The Lord of might and power.
  The Lord, strong in battle.
(repeat antiphon*)
Gates, raise your heads. Stand up, eternal doors,
  and let the king of glory enter.
Who is the king of glory?
The Lord of hosts
 – he is the king of glory.
(repeat antiphon*)
Glory be to the Father and to the Son and to the Holy Spirit,
  as it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be,
  world without end.
Amen.
Christ is the chief shepherd, the leader of his flock: come, let us adore him.*

* If you are reciting this on your own, you can choose to say the antiphon once only at the start of the psalm and not repeat it.


Hymnus
Verbum supérnum pródiens,
a Patre lumen éxiens,
qui natus orbi súbvenis
cursu declívi témporis:
Illúmina nunc péctora
tuóque amóre cóncrema;
audíta per præcónia
sint pulsa tandem lúbrica.
Iudéxque cum post áderis
rimári facta péctoris,
reddens vicem pro ábditis
iustísque regnum pro bonis,
Non demum artémur malis
pro qualitáte críminis,
sed cum beátis cómpotes
simus perénnes cǽlites.
Sit, Christe, rex piíssime,
tibi Patríque glória
cum Spíritu Paráclito,
in sempitérna sǽcula. Amen.
Hymn
The Advent of our God
  With eager prayers we greet
And singing haste up on the road
  His glorious gift to meet.
The everlasting Son
  Scorns not a Virgin’s womb;
That we from bondage may be won
  He bears a bondsman’s doom.
Daughter of Zion, rise
  To meet thy lowly King;
Let not thy stubborn heart despise
  The peace he deigns to bring.
In clouds of awful light,
  As Judge he comes again,
His scattered people to unite,
  With them in heaven to reign.
Let evil flee away
  Ere that dread hour shall dawn.
Let this old Adam day by day
  God’s image still put on.
Praise to the Incarnate Son,
  Who comes to set us free,
With God the Father, ever One,
  To all eternity.

Ps 104:1-15
Dominus promissionibus fidelis

Apostoli gentibus manifestant mirabilia Dei in adventu eius” (S. Athanasius).

Cantáte Dómino, mementóte mirabílium eius quæ fecit.
1Confitémini Dómino et invocáte nomen eius,*
  annuntiáte inter gentes ópera eius.
2Cantáte ei et psállite ei,*
  meditámini in ómnibus mirabílibus eius.
3Laudámini in nómine sancto eius,*
  lætétur cor quæréntium Dóminum.
4Quǽrite Dóminum et poténtiam eius,*
  quǽrite fáciem eius semper.
5Mementóte mirabílium eius, quæ fecit,*
  prodígia eius et iudícia oris eius:
6semen Abraham, servi eius,*
  fílii Iacob, elécti eius.
7Ipse Dóminus Deus noster;*
  in univérsa terra iudícia eius.
8Memor fuit in sǽculum testaménti sui,*
  verbi, quod mandávit in mille generatiónes,
9quod dispósuit cum Abraham,*
  et iuraménti sui ad Isaac.
10Et státuit illud Iacob in præcéptum*
  et Israel in testaméntum ætérnum
11dicens: «Tibi dabo terram Chánaan*
  funículum hereditátis vestræ».
12Cum essent número brevi,*
  paucíssimi et peregríni in ea
13et pertransírent de gente in gentem*
  et de regno ad pópulum álterum,
14non permísit hóminem nocére eis*
  et corrípuit pro eis reges:
«15Nolíte tángere christos meos*
  et in prophétis meis nolíte malignári».
Glória Patri et Fílio*
  et Spirítui Sancto.
Sicut erat in princípio et nunc et semper*
  et in sǽcula sæculórum.
Amen.
Cantáte Dómino, mementóte mirabílium eius quæ fecit.
Psalm 104 (105)
The Lord is faithful to his promises
Sing to the Lord; tell all his wonderful works.
Give thanks to the Lord and call upon his name;
  proclaim his works among the peoples.
Sing and make music to him
  and reflect on all the wonders he has performed.
Glory in his holy name,
  let the hearts of those who seek the Lord rejoice.
Seek the Lord in his power,
  always seek his face.
Remember the wonders he performed,
  his miracles and the judgements he has uttered.
Seed of Abraham, his servants,
  children of Jacob, his chosen ones.
The Lord himself is our God,
  his rule extends over the whole earth.
He has always remembered his covenant,
  that he made to last a thousand generations,
the agreement he made with Abraham,
  the oath he swore to Isaac.
He made it a decree for Jacob,
  an eternal covenant for Israel, saying
“I will give you Canaan
  and measure it out as your inheritance.”
Although they were few in number,
  a handful of wanderers,
although they were travelling from nation to nation,
  from one kingdom to another,
he let no harm come to them,
  he rebuked kings in their defence:
“do not touch my anointed ones,
  do no harm to my prophets.”
Glory be to the Father and to the Son and to the Holy Spirit,
  as it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be,
  world without end.
Amen.
Sing to the Lord; tell all his wonderful works.

Ps 104:16-22
Vénditum iustum Dóminus non derelíquit, sed a peccatóribus liberávit eum.
16Et vocávit famem super terram*
  et omne báculum panis contrívit.
17Misit ante eos virum,*
  in servum venúmdatus est Ioseph.
18Strinxérunt in compédibus pedes eius,*
  in ferrum intrávit collum eius,
19donec veníret verbum eius,*
  elóquium Dómini purgáret eum.
20Misit rex et solvit eum,*
  princeps populórum, et dimísit eum;
21constítuit eum dóminum domus suæ*
  et príncipem omnis possessiónis suæ,
22ut erudíret príncipes eius sicut semetípsum*
  et senes eius prudéntiam docéret.
Glória Patri et Fílio*
  et Spirítui Sancto.
Sicut erat in princípio et nunc et semper*
  et in sǽcula sæculórum.
Amen.
Vénditum iustum Dóminus non derelíquit, sed a peccatóribus liberávit eum.
Psalm 104 (105)
The Lord did not forget the just man who was sold as a slave: he released him from the power of sinful men.
The Lord called down famine upon the land, he ground away every stick of bread.
He had sent a man to them, Joseph, and he was sold as a slave.
They confined his feet in fetters and put a ring around his neck –
until the Lord’s word came, the Lord spoke and justified him.
The king sent for him and released him – the ruler of the peoples set him free.
He set him to rule over his house, made him lord of all his possessions,
so that he could make the princes as wise as himself and teach wisdom to the elders.
Glory be to the Father and to the Son and to the Holy Spirit,
  as it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be,
  world without end.
Amen.
The Lord did not forget the just man who was sold as a slave: he released him from the power of sinful men.

Ps 104:23-45
Memor fuit Dóminus verbi sancti sui, et edúxit pópulum suum in exsultatióne.
23Et intrávit Israel in Ægýptum,*
  et Iacob peregrínus fuit in terra Cham.
24Et auxit pópulum suum veheménter*
  et confortávit eum super inimícos eius.
25Convértit cor eórum, ut odírent pópulum eius*
  et dolum fácerent in servos eius.
26Misit Móysen servum suum,*
  Aaron, quem elégit.
27Pósuit in eis verba signórum suórum*
  et prodigiórum in terra Cham.
28Misit ténebras et obscurávit,*
  et restitérunt sermónibus eius.
29Convértit aquas eórum in sánguinem*
  et occídit pisces eórum.
30Edidit terra eórum ranas*
  in penetrálibus regum ipsórum.
31Dixit, et venit cœnomýia*
  et scínifes in ómnibus fínibus eórum.
32Pósuit plúvias eórum grándinem,*
  ignem comburéntem in terra ipsórum.
33Et percússit víneas eórum et ficúlneas eórum*
  et contrívit lignum fínium eórum.
34Dixit, et venit locústa*
  et bruchus, cuius non erat númerus,
35et comédit omne fenum in terra eórum*
  et comédit fructum terræ eórum.
36Et percússit omne primogénitum in terra eórum,*
  primítias omnis róboris eórum.
37Et edúxit eos cum argénto et auro;*
  et non erat in tríbubus eórum infírmus.
38Lætáta est Ægýptus in profectióne eórum,*
  quia incúbuit timor eórum super eos.
39Expándit nubem in protectiónem*
  et ignem, ut lucéret eis per noctem.
40Petiérunt, et venit cotúrnix,*
  et pane cæli saturávit eos.
41Dirúpit petram, et fluxérunt aquæ,*
  abiérunt in sicco flúmina.
42Quóniam memor fuit verbi sancti sui*
  ad Abraham púerum suum.
43Et edúxit pópulum suum in exsultatióne,*
  eléctos suos in lætítia.
44Et dedit illis regiónes géntium,*
  et labóres populórum possedérunt,
45ut custódiant iustificatiónes eius*
  et leges eius servent.
Glória Patri et Fílio*
  et Spirítui Sancto.
Sicut erat in princípio et nunc et semper*
  et in sǽcula sæculórum.
Amen.
Memor fuit Dóminus verbi sancti sui, et edúxit pópulum suum in exsultatióne.
Psalm 104 (105)
The Lord remembered his holy word, and he brought out his people with joy.
And so Israel passed into Egypt
  and Jacob lived in the country of Ham.
The Lord made his people grow enormously
  and strengthened them against their enemies.
Then he turned the hearts of men against his chosen people,
  so that they hated them and made plots against them.
He sent Moses, his servant,
  and Aaron, whom he had chosen.
He made them prophesy
  the signs and prodigies he would work in the land of Ham.
He sent shadows and darkness,
  but they would not listen to his words.
He turned their rivers into blood,
  killing all the fish.
Frogs ate up the earth,
  even in the secret gardens of the palaces.
He summoned flies
  and insects throughout the land.
He sent stones of hail and fire
  to devastate their land.
He struck their vines and their fig-trees,
  broke down the trees of their country.
He spoke, and locusts came,
  and worms without number:
they ate all the grain of the land,
  consumed all of the fruit.
He struck down the first-born of their land,
  the flower of all their strength.
He led his people out with silver and gold;
  not a single one of them stumbled.
Egypt rejoiced to see them go,
  to see the last of the people they feared.
He sent a cloud to protect them,
  and fire to light up their nights.
He led out his people in exultation,
  his chosen ones in gladness.
He gave them the territory of the nations,
  the fruits of the labours of the peoples.
All this he did
  so that they would keep his decrees
  and follow his laws.
Glory be to the Father and to the Son and to the Holy Spirit,
  as it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be,
  world without end.
Amen.
The Lord remembered his holy word, and he brought out his people with joy.

℣. Annúntiat Dóminus verbum suum Iacob.
℟. Iustítias et iudícia sua Israel.
The Lord proclaims his word to Jacob;
to Israel, his laws and decrees.

Lectio prior
De libro Isaíæ prophétæ 21, 6-12
Custos nuntiat ruinam Babylonis
6Hæc enim dixit mihi Dóminus:
«Vade et pone speculatórem;
quodcúmque víderit, annúntiet.
7Si víderit currum, bigam équitum,
ascensórem ásini et ascensórem caméli,
intueátur diligénter multo intúitu».
8Et clamávit speculátor:
«Super spécula, Dómine,
ego sum stans iúgiter per diem,
et super custódiam meam
ego sum stans totis nóctibus.
9Ecce huc venit agmen virórum,
biga équitum».
Et respóndit et dixit:
«Cécidit, cécidit Bábylon,
et ómnia sculptília deórum eius
contríta sunt in terram».
10Tritúra mea et fili áreæ meæ,
quæ audívi a Dómino exercítuum, Deo Israel,
annuntiávi vobis.
11Oráculum Duma.
Ad me clamat ex Seir:
«Custos, quid de nocte?
Custos, quid de nocte?».
12Dixit custos:
«Venit mane, sed étiam nox;
si quǽritis, quǽrite,
revertímini, veníte».
First ReadingIsaiah 21:6-12 ©
For this is what the Lord has said to me,
‘Go and post the watchman,
and let him report what he sees.
‘If he sees cavalry,
horsemen two by two,
men mounted on camels,
let him observe, closely observe.’
The look-out shouts,
‘On a watchtower, Lord,
I stand all day;
and at my post
I keep guard all night.’
Look, here come the cavalry,
horsemen two by two.
They spoke to me; they said,
‘Fallen, fallen is Babylon,
and all the images of her gods
are shattered on the ground.’
You who are threshed,
you who are winnowed,
what I have learnt
from the Lord of Hosts,
from the God of Israel,
I am telling you now.
Oracle on Edom:
Someone shouts to me from Seir,
‘Watchman, what time of night?
Watchman, what time of night?’
The watchman answers,
‘Morning is coming, then night again.
If you want to, why not ask,
turn round, come back?’
ResponsoriumAp 18, 2. 4. 5
℟. Clamávit Angelus in forti voce: Cécidit Bábylon magna; et audívi áliam vocem de cælo dicéntem:* Exíte de illa, pópulus meus, ne compartícipes sitis peccatórum eius.
℣. Pervenérunt peccáta eius usque ad cælum et recordátus est Dóminus iniquitátum eius.* Exíte.
Responsory
℟. The angel cried aloud, Babylon, great Babylon is fallen. And now I heard another voice from heaven say,* Come out of her, my people, that you may not be involved in her guilt.
℣. Her guilt mounts up to heaven: the Lord has kept her sins in remembrance.* Come out of her, my people, that you may not be involved in her guilt.

Lectio altera
E Lítteris sancti Francísci Xavier presbýteri ad sanctum Ignátium (E Vita Francisci Xaverii, auctore H. Tursellini, Romæ, 1596, Lib. 4, epist. 4 [1542] et 5 [1544])
Væ mihi, si non evangelizavero!
Obíimus neophytórum vicos, qui paucis abhinc annis christiána sacra suscéperant. Hæc terra nequáquam a Lusitánis incólitur, útpote quæ summe et stérilis est et pauper: christiáni autem indígenæ, destitúti a sacerdótibus, nihil áliud norunt nisi se esse christiános. Nemo est qui eis rem divínam fáciat; nemo est qui sýmbolum, Pater et Ave divinǽque legis præcépta tradat.
  Ex quo ígitur huc veni, haudquáquam cessávi: vicos sédulo circumíbam, púeros omnes nondum baptizátos sacra abluébam aqua. Itaque permágnum infántium númerum expiávi, qui, ut dici solet, plane ignorárent quid interésset inter déxteram et sinístram. Púeri autem me neque divínum offícium persólvere neque cibum súmere neque quiétem cápere sinébant, quoad áliquam precatiónem eos docuíssem; tum vero sentíre cœpi tálium esse regnum cælórum.
  Proínde cum tam pium postulátum non possem nisi ímpie repudiáre, inítio facto a confessióne Patris, Fílii et Spíritus Sancti, sýmbolum Apostolórum, oratiónes Pater noster et Ave María eis inculcábam. Animadvérti magna in illis ingénia; ac si foret qui christiánis eos præcéptis informáret, non dúbito quin perbóni christiáni essent futúri.
  Complúres his locis ob id unum modo christiáni non fiunt, quod desint, qui eos fáciant christiános. Mihi vero persǽpe venit in mentem circum Európæ academías, ac præcípue Parisiénsem, cursáre et insáni ritu passim vociferáre, eósque qui doctrínæ plus habent quam caritátis his compéllere verbis: «Heu, quam ingens animórum númerus, vestro vítio exclúsus cælo, deturbátur ad ínferos!».
  Utinam illi quemádmodum in lítteras, ita in hanc quoque curam incúmberent, ut réddere Deo possent doctrínæ creditorúmque talentórum ratiónem!
  Enimvéro istórum plúrimi, hac cogitatióne commóti, appósitis rerum divinárum meditatiónibus, exercérent sese ut audírent quid in eis loquerétur Dóminus, suísque cupiditátibus ac rebus humánis posthábitis, se totos ad Dei nutum atque arbítrium fígerent. Clamárent útique ex ánimo: Dómine, ecce adsum; quid me vis fácere? Mitte me quocúmque tibi cordi est, vel usque in Indiam.
Second Reading
A letter from St Francis Xavier to St Ignatius
Woe to me if I do not preach the Gospel
We have visited the villages of the new converts who accepted the Christian religion a few years ago. No Portuguese live here, the country is so utterly barren and poor. The native Christians have no priests. They know only that they are Christians. There is nobody to say Mass for them; nobody to teach them the Creed, the Our Father, the Hail Mary and the Commandments of God’s Law.
  I have not stopped since the day I arrived. I conscientiously made the rounds of the villages. I bathed in the sacred waters all the children who had not yet been baptized. This means that I have purified a very large number of children so young that, as the saying goes, they could not tell their right hand from their left. The older children would not let me say my Office or eat or sleep until I taught them one prayer or another. Then I began to understand: “The kingdom of heaven belongs to such as these.”
  I could not refuse so devout a request without failing in devotion myself. I taught them, first the confession of faith in the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit, then the Apostles’ Creed, the Our Father and Hail Mary. I noticed among them persons of great intelligence. If only someone could educate them in the Christian way of life, I have no doubt that they would make excellent Christians.
  Many, many people hereabouts are not becoming Christians for one reason only: there is nobody to make them Christians. Again and again I have thought of going round the universities of Europe, especially Paris, and everywhere crying out like a madman, riveting the attention of those with more learning than charity: “What a tragedy: how many souls are being shut out of heaven and falling into hell, thanks to you!”
  I wish they would work as hard at this as they do at their books, and so settle their account with God for their learning and the talents entrusted to them.
  This thought would certainly stir most of them to meditate on spiritual realities, to listen actively to what God is saying to them. They would forget their own desires, their human affairs, and give themselves over entirely to God’s will and his choice. They would cry out with all their heart: Lord, I am here! What do you want me to do? Send me anywhere you like – even to India.
Responsorium
Lc 10, 2; Act 1, 8
℟. Messis quidem multa, operárii autem pauci;* Rogáte ergo Dóminum messis, ut mittat operários in messem suam.
℣. Accipiétis virtútem superveniéntis Spíritus Sancti in vos et éritis mihi testes usque ad últimum terræ.* Rogáte.
Responsory
℟. The harvest is rich but the labourers are few,* so ask the Lord of the harvest to send labourers to his harvest.
℣. You will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you, and then you will be my witnesses to the ends of the earth;* so ask the Lord of the harvest to send labourers to his harvest.

Oremus.
  Deus, qui beáti Francísci prædicatióne multos tibi pópulos acquisísti, da ut fidélium ánimi eódem fídei zelo férveant et ubérrima ubíque prole Ecclésia sancta lætétur.
Per Dóminum nostrum Iesum Christum, Fílium tuum,
qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitáte Spíritus Sancti, Deus,
per ómnia sǽcula sæculórum.
Amen.
Let us pray.
Lord God, you won so many peoples to yourself
  by the preaching of Saint Francis Xavier.
Give us the same zeal that he had for the faith,
  and let your Church rejoice
  and see the virtue and number of her children increase
  throughout the world.
Through our Lord Jesus Christ, your Son,
  who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit,
  one God, for ever and ever.

Benedicámus Dómino.
– Deo grátias.
Let us praise the Lord.
– Thanks be to God.

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