Monday 28 June 2021    (other days)
Saint Irenaeus, Bishop, Martyr 
 on Monday of week 13 in Ordinary Time

Office of Readings

If this is the first Hour that you are reciting today, you should precede it with the Invitatory Psalm.

Deus, in adiutórium meum inténde.
  Dómine, ad adiuvándum me festína.
Glória Patri et Fílio*
  et Spirítui Sancto.
Sicut erat in princípio et nunc et semper*
  et in sǽcula sæculórum.
Amen. Allelúia.
O God, come to our aid.
  O Lord, make haste to help us.
Glory be to the Father and to the Son
  and to the Holy Spirit,
as it was in the beginning,
  is now, and ever shall be,
  world without end.
Amen. Alleluia.

Beáte (Beáta) martyr, próspera
diem triumphálem tuum,
quo sánguinis merces tibi
coróna vincénti datur.
Hic te ex ténebris sǽculi,
tortóre victo et iúdice,
evéxit ad cælum dies
Christóque ovántem réddidit.
Nunc angelórum párticeps
collúces insígni stola,
quam testis indomábilis
rivis cruóris láveras.
Adésto nunc et óbsecra,
placátus ut Christus suis
inclínet aurem prósperam,
noxas nec omnes ímputet.
Paulísper huc illábere
Christi favórem déferens,
sensus graváti ut séntiant
levámen indulgéntiæ.
Honor Patri cum Fílio
et Spíritu Paráclito,
qui te coróna pérpeti
cingunt in aula glóriæ. Amen.
The martyrs living now with Christ
In suffering were tried,
Their anguish overcome by love
When on his cross they died.
Across the centuries they come,
In constancy unmoved,
Their loving hearts make no complaint,
In silence they are proved.
No man has ever measured love,
Or weighed it in his hand,
But God who knows the inmost heart
Gives them the promised land.
Praise Father, Son and Spirit blest,
Who guides us through the night
In ways that reach beyond the stars
To everlasting light.
Francis E. Mostyn (1860-1939)

Ps 6:2-11
Homo afflictus Domini clementiam implorat

Nunc anima mea turbata est ... Pater, salvifica me ex hora hac?” (Io 12, 27).

Salvum me fac, Dómine, propter misericórdiam tuam.
2Dómine, ne in furóre tuo árguas me,*
  neque in ira tua corrípias me.
3Miserére mei, Dómine, quóniam infírmus sum;*
  sana me, Dómine, quóniam conturbáta sunt ossa mea.
4Et ánima mea turbáta est valde,*
  sed tu, Dómine, úsquequo?
5Convértere, Dómine, éripe ánimam meam;*
  salvum me fac propter misericórdiam tuam.
6Quóniam non est in morte, qui memor sit tui,*
  in inférno autem quis confitébitur tibi?
7Laborávi in gémitu meo,†
  lavábam per síngulas noctes lectum meum;*
  lácrimis meis stratum meum rigábam.
8Turbátus est a mæróre óculus meus,*
  inveterávi inter omnes inimícos meos.
9Discédite a me omnes, qui operámini iniquitátem,*
  quóniam exaudívit Dóminus vocem fletus mei.
10Exaudívit Dóminus deprecatiónem meam,*
  Dóminus oratiónem meam suscépit.
11Erubéscant et conturbéntur veheménter omnes inimíci mei;*
  convertántur et erubéscant valde velóciter.
Glória Patri et Fílio*
  et Spirítui Sancto.
Sicut erat in princípio et nunc et semper*
  et in sǽcula sæculórum.
Salvum me fac, Dómine, propter misericórdiam tuam.

Psalm 6
A prayer for relief from affliction

Lord, save me in your merciful love.
Lord, do not condemn me in your fury:
  do not destroy me in your anger.
Take pity on me, Lord, for I am sick;
  heal me, Lord, for my bones are in disarray.
My spirit is deeply disturbed,
  and you, Lord – how long?
Turn to me, Lord, rescue my spirit:
  in your pity, save me.
If I die, how can I praise you?
  Can anyone in the underworld proclaim your name?
I struggle and groan,
  soak my bed with weeping night after night;
my eyes are troubled with sadness:
  I grow older as my enemies watch.
Leave me, all who do evil,
  for the Lord has heard my voice as I wept.
The Lord listened to my prayer,
  granted me what I asked.
Let my enemies be ashamed and confounded:
  let shame and confusion overtake them soon.
Glory be to the Father and to the Son
  and to the Holy Spirit,
as it was in the beginning,
  is now, and ever shall be,
  world without end.
Lord, save me in your merciful love.

Ps 9A:2-11
Gratiarum actio pro victoria

Iterum venturus est iudicare vivos et mortuos.

Factus est Dóminus refúgium páuperi in tribulatióne.
2Confitébor tibi, Dómine, in toto corde meo,*
  narrábo ómnia mirabília tua.
3Lætábor et exsultábo in te,*
  psallam nómini tuo, Altíssime.
4Cum convertúntur inimíci mei retrórsum,*
  infirmántur et péreunt a fácie tua.
5Quóniam fecísti iudícium meum et causam meam,*
  sedísti super thronum, qui iúdicas iustítiam.
6Increpásti gentes, perdidísti ímpium;*
  nomen eórum delésti in ætérnum et in sǽculum sǽculi.
7Inimíci defecérunt,*
  solitúdines sempitérnæ factæ sunt;
et civitátes destruxísti:*
  périit memória eórum cum ipsis.
8Dóminus autem in ætérnum sedébit,*
  parávit in iudícium thronum suum
9et ipse iudicábit orbem terræ in iustítia,*
  iudicábit pópulos in æquitáte.
10Et erit Dóminus refúgium opprésso,*
  refúgium in opportunitátibus, in tribulatióne.
11Et sperent in te, qui novérunt nomen tuum,*
  quóniam non dereliquísti quæréntes te, Dómine.
Glória Patri et Fílio*
  et Spirítui Sancto.
Sicut erat in princípio et nunc et semper*
  et in sǽcula sæculórum.
Factus est Dóminus refúgium páuperi in tribulatióne.

Psalm 9A (9)
Thanksgiving for victory

The Lord is a stronghold for the oppressed in times of distress.
I will thank you, Lord, with all my heart;
  I will tell of your wonders.
I will rejoice in you and triumph,
  make music to your name, O Most High.
Because my enemies are in full retreat;
  they stumble and perish at your presence.
For you have given judgement in my favour,
  upheld my case,
  taken your seat on the throne of judgement.
You have rebuked the nations,
  condemned the wicked,
  wiped out their name for ever and for ever.
My enemies are no more;
  their land is a desert for ever.
You have demolished their cities,
  their very memory is wiped away.
But the Lord will reign for ever:
  he has made his throne his judgement-seat.
He himself will judge the whole world in justice,
  judge the peoples impartially.
The Lord will be a refuge for the oppressed,
  a refuge in good times and in bad.
Let them put their hope in you, those who know your name;
  for you, Lord, have never abandoned those who seek you.
Glory be to the Father and to the Son
  and to the Holy Spirit,
as it was in the beginning,
  is now, and ever shall be,
  world without end.
The Lord is a stronghold for the oppressed in times of distress.

Ps 9A:12-21

Annuntiábo laudatiónes tuas in portis fíliæ Sion.
12Psállite Dómino, qui hábitat in Sion;*
  annuntiáte inter gentes stúdia eius.
13Quóniam requírens sánguinem recordátus est eórum,*
  non est oblítus clamórem páuperum.
14Miserére mei, Dómine;†
  vide afflictiónem meam de inimícis meis,*
  qui exáltas me de portis mortis,
15ut annúntiem omnes laudatiónes tuas in portis fíliæ Sion,*
  exsúltem in salutári tuo.
16Infíxæ sunt gentes in fóvea, quam fecérunt;†
  in láqueo isto, quem abscondérunt,*
  comprehénsus est pes eórum.
17Manifestávit se Dóminus iudícium fáciens;*
  in opéribus mánuum suárum comprehénsus est peccátor.
18Converténtur peccatóres in inférnum,*
  omnes gentes, quæ obliviscúntur Deum.
19Quóniam non in finem oblívio erit páuperis;*
  exspectátio páuperum non períbit in ætérnum.
20Exsúrge, Dómine, non confortétur homo;*
  iudicéntur gentes in conspéctu tuo.
21Constítue, Dómine, terrórem super eos,*
  sciant gentes quóniam hómines sunt.
Glória Patri et Fílio*
  et Spirítui Sancto.
Sicut erat in princípio et nunc et semper*
  et in sǽcula sæculórum.
Annuntiábo laudatiónes tuas in portis fíliæ Sion.

Psalm 9A (9)

I will recount all your praise at the gates of the city of Sion.
Sing to the Lord who dwells in Zion,
  proclaim to the nations his loving care.
For he has remembered the poor and avenged them with blood:
  he has not forgotten the cry of the weak.
Take pity on me, Lord:
  see how my enemies torment me.
You raise me up from the gates of death,
  and I will proclaim your praise at the gates of the daughter of Zion;
  I will rejoice in your salvation.
The nations have fallen into the pit that they made,
  into the very trap that they set: their feet are caught fast.
The Lord’s justice shines forth:
  the sinner is trapped by his very own action.
Sinners will go down to the underworld,
  and all nations that forget God.
For the weak will not always be forgotten:
  the hope of the weak will never perish.
Rise up, Lord, let men not be complacent:
  let the nations come before you to be judged.
Put fear into them, Lord:
  let them know that they are only men.
Glory be to the Father and to the Son
  and to the Holy Spirit,
as it was in the beginning,
  is now, and ever shall be,
  world without end.
I will recount all your praise at the gates of the city of Sion.

℣. Tribulátio et angústia invenérunt me.
℟. Mandáta tua meditátio mea est.
℣. Anguish and distress have taken hold of me.
℟. Yet will I delight in your commands.

Lectio prior
De libris Samuélis 1 Sam 31, 1-4; 2 Sam 1, 1-16

De morte Saul

In diébus illis: 31,1Philísthim pugnábant advérsum Israel; et fugérunt viri Israel ante fáciem Philísthim et cecidérunt interfécti in monte Gélboe. 2Irruerúntque Philísthim in Saul et fílios eius et percussérunt Iónathan et Abínadab et Melchísua fílios Saul.
  3Totúmque pondus prœ́lii versum est in Saul; et consecúti sunt eum viri arcu, et vulnerátus est veheménter a sagittáriis. 4Dixítque Saul ad armígerum suum: «Evagína gládium tuum et pércute me, ne forte véniant incircumcísi isti et confódiant me et illúdant mihi». Et nóluit ármiger eius; erat enim nímio timóre pertérritus. Arrípuit ítaque Saul gládium et írruit super eum.
  1,1Factum est autem, postquam mórtuus est Saul, ut David reverterétur a cæde Amalec et manéret in Síceleg dies duos. 2In die autem tértia appáruit homo véniens de castris Saul veste conscíssa et púlvere aspérsus caput; et, ut venit ad David, cécidit super fáciem suam et adorávit. 3Dixítque ad eum David: «Unde venis?». Qui ait ad eum: «De castris Israel fugi». 4Et dixit ad eum David: «Quid enim factum est? Indica mihi». Qui ait: «Fugit pópulus ex prœ́lio, et multi corruéntes e pópulo mórtui sunt; sed et Saul et Iónathan fílius eius interiérunt».
  5Dixítque David ad adulescéntem, qui nuntiábat ei: «Unde scis quia mórtuus est Saul et Iónathan fílius eius?». 6Et ait aduléscens, qui narrábat ei: «Casu veni in montem Gélboe, et Saul incumbébat super hastam suam. Porro currus et équites appropinquábant ei, 7et convérsus post tergum suum vidénsque me vocávit. Cui cum respondíssem: Adsum, 8dixit mihi: “Quisnam es tu?”. Et dixi ad eum: Amalecítes ego sum. 9Et locútus est mihi: “Sta super me et intérfice me, quóniam tenent me angústiæ, et adhuc tota ánima mea in me est”. 10Stansque super eum occídi illum; sciébam enim quod vívere non póterat post ruínam. Et tuli diadéma, quod erat in cápite eius, et armíllam de bráchio illíus et áttuli ad te dóminum meum huc».
  11Apprehéndens autem David vestiménta sua scidit omnésque viri, qui erant cum eo; 12et planxérunt et flevérunt et ieiunavérunt usque ad vésperam super Saul et super Iónathan fílium eius et super pópulum Dómini et super domum Israel, quod corruíssent gládio.
  13Dixítque David ad iúvenem, qui nuntiáverat ei: «Unde es?». Qui respóndit: «Fílius hóminis ádvenæ Amalecítæ ego sum». 14Et ait ad eum David: «Quare non timuísti míttere manum tuam, ut occíderes christum Dómini?». 15Vocánsque David unum de púeris ait: «Accédens írrue in eum». Qui percússit illum, et mórtuus est. 16Et ait ad eum David: «Sanguis tuus super caput tuum; os enim tuum locútum est advérsum te dicens: “Ego interféci christum Dómini”».
First Reading
1 Samuel 31:1-4,2 Samuel 1:1-16 ©

Saul’s death

The Philistines made war on Israel and the men of Israel fled from the Philistines and were slaughtered on Mount Gilboa. The Philistines pressed Saul and his sons hard and killed Jonathan, Abinadab and Malchishua, the sons of Saul. The fighting grew heavy about Saul; the bowmen took him off his guard, so that he fell wounded by the bowmen. Then Saul said to his armour-bearer, ‘Draw your sword and run me through with it; I do not want these uncircumcised men to come and gloat over me.’ But his armour-bearer was afraid and would not do it. So Saul took his own sword and fell on it.
  After the death of Saul, David returned from his rout of the Amalekites and spent two days in Ziklag. On the third day a man came from the camp where Saul had been, his garments torn and earth on his head. When he came to David, he fell to the ground and did homage. ‘Where do you come from?’ David asked him. ‘I have escaped from the Israelite camp’ he said. David said to him, ‘What happened? Tell me.’ He replied, ‘The people have fled from the battlefield and many of them have fallen. Saul and his son Jonathan are dead too.’
  David then asked the young soldier who brought the news, ‘How do you know that Saul and his son Jonathan are dead?’ I happened to be on Mount Gilboa,’ the young soldier replied ‘and there was Saul, leaning on his spear, with the chariots and the cavalry pressing him hard. Then he turned round and saw me, and shouted to me. I answered, “Here I am.” He said, “Who are you?” “An Amalekite” I replied. Then he said, “Stand over me and kill me, for a giddiness has come on me, though my life is wholly in me still.” So I stood over him and killed him, because I knew that once he fell he could not survive. Then I took the crown he wore on his head and the bracelet on his arm, and I have brought them here to my lord.’
  Then David took hold of his garments and tore them, and all the men with him did the same. They mourned and wept and fasted until the evening for Saul and his son Jonathan, for the people of the Lord and for the House of Israel, because they had fallen by the sword.
  David said to the young soldier who had brought the news, ‘Where are you from?’ ‘I am the son of a resident alien,’ he answered ‘an Amalekite.’ David said, ‘How is it you were not afraid to lift your hand to destroy the Lord’s anointed?’ Then David called one of his soldiers. ‘Come here,’ he said ‘strike him down.’ The man struck him and he died. ‘Your blood be on your own head,’ David said ‘for your own lips gave evidence against you when you said, “I killed the Lord’s anointed.”’
2 Sam 1, 21 a. 27 a
℟. Montes Gélboe, nec ros nec plúviæ véniant super vos,* Ubi cecidérunt fortes Israel.
℣. Omnes montes, qui estis in circúitu eius, vísitet Dóminus; a Gélboe autem tránseat.* Ubi.
Responsory2 S 1:21,19
℟. Mountains of Gilboa, let there be no rain or dew upon you,* for there the mighty ones of Israel have fallen.
℣. Let the Lord come to all the mountains round about, but let him pass by the mountains of Gilboa,* for there the mighty ones of Israel have fallen.

Lectio altera
Ex Tractátu sancti Irenǽi epíscopi Advérsus hǽreses (Lib. 4, 20, 5-7: SCh 100, 640-642. 644-648)

Gloria Dei vivens homo, vita hominis visio Dei

Vivíficat autem Dei cláritas: percípiunt ergo vitam qui vident Deum. Et propter hoc incapábilis et incomprehensíbilis et invisíbilis visíbilem se et comprehensíbilem et capácem homínibus præstat, ut vivíficet percipiéntes et vidéntes se. Quóniam vívere sine vita impossíbile est, subsisténtia autem vitæ de Dei participatióne évenit, participátio autem Dei est vidére Deum et frui benignitáte eius.
  Hómines ígitur vidébunt Deum ut vivant, per visiónem immortáles facti et pertingéntes usque in Deum. Quod, sicut prædíxi, per prophétas figuráliter manifestabátur quóniam vidébitur Deus ab homínibus qui portant Spíritum eius et semper advéntum eius sústinent. Quemádmodum et in Deuteronómio Móyses ait: In die ista vidébimus, quóniam loquétur Deus ad hóminem, et vivet.
  Qui ómnia in ómnibus operátur qualis et quantus est, invisíbilis et inenarrábilis est ómnibus quæ ab eo facta sunt, incógnitus autem nequáquam: ómnia enim per Verbum eius discunt quia est unus Deus Pater, qui cóntinet ómnia et ómnibus esse præstat, quemádmodum in Evangélio scriptum est: Deum nemo vidit umquam, nisi unigénitus Fílius, qui est in sinu Patris, ipse enarrávit.
  Enarrátor ergo ab inítio Fílius Patris, quippe qui ab inítio est cum Patre, qui et visiónes prophéticas et divisiónes charísmatum et ministéria sua et Patris glorificatiónem consequénter et compósite osténderit humáno géneri apto témpore ad utilitátem: ubi est enim consequéntia, illic et consonántia; et ubi consonántia, illic et pro témpore; et ubi pro témpore, illic et utílitas.
  Et proptérea Verbum dispensátor patérnæ grátiæ factus est ad utilitátem hóminum, propter quos fecit tantas dispositiónes, homínibus quidem osténdens Deum, Deo autem éxhibens hóminem; et invisibilitátem quidem Patris custódiens, ne quando homo contémptor fíeret Dei et ut semper habéret ad quod profíceret, visíbilem autem rursus homínibus per multas dispositiónes osténdens Deum, ne in totum defíciens a Deo homo cessáret esse: glória enim Dei vivens homo, vita autem hóminis vísio Dei. Si enim quæ est per condiciónem osténsio Dei vitam præstat ómnibus in terra vivéntibus, multo magis ea quæ est per Verbum manifestátio Patris vitam præstat his qui vident Deum.
Second Reading
From the treatise "Against the Heresies" by St Irenaeus

Life in man is the glory of God; the life of man is the vision of God

The glory of God gives life; those who see God receive life. For this reason God, who cannot be grasped, comprehended or seen, allows himself to be seen, comprehended and grasped by men, that he may give life to those who see and receive him. It is impossible to live without life, and the actualisation of life comes from participation in God, while participation in God is to see God and enjoy his goodness.
  Men will therefore see God if they are to live; through the vision of God they will become immortal and attain to God himself. As I have said, this was shown in symbols by the prophets: God will be seen by men who bear his Spirit and are always waiting for his coming. As Moses said in the Book of Deuteronomy: On that day we shall see, for God will speak to man, and man will live.
  God is the source of all activity throughout creation. He cannot be seen or described in his own nature and in all his greatness by any of his creatures. Yet he is certainly not unknown. Through his Word the whole creation learns that there is one God the Father, who holds all things together and gives them their being. As it is written in the Gospel: No man has ever seen God, except the only-begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father; he has revealed him.
  From the beginning the Son is the one who teaches us about the Father; he is with the Father from the beginning. He was to reveal to the human race visions of prophecy, the diversity of spiritual gifts, his own ways of ministry, the glorification of the Father, all in due order and harmony, at the appointed time and for our instruction: where there is order, there is also harmony; where there is harmony, there is also correct timing; where there is correct timing, there is also advantage.
  The Word became the steward of the Father’s grace for the advantage of men, for whose benefit he made such wonderful arrangements. He revealed God to men and presented men to God. He safeguarded the invisibility of the Father to prevent man from treating God with contempt and to set before him a constant goal towards which to make progress. On the other hand, he revealed God to men and made him visible in many ways to prevent man from being totally separated from God and so cease to be. Life in man is the glory of God; the life of man is the vision of God. If the revelation of God through creation gives life to all who live upon the earth, much more does the manifestation of the Father through the Word give life to those who see God.
Mal 2, 6; Ps 88 (89), 22
℟. Lex veritátis fuit in ore eius et iníquitas non est invénta in lábiis eius;* In pace et in æquitáte ambulávit mecum, dicit Dóminus.
℣. Manus enim mea firma erit cum eo et bráchium meum confortábit eum.* In pace.
℟. The instruction he gave was true, and no word of injustice fell from his lips;* he walked in harmony with me, and in honesty.
℣. My hand shall be ready to help him and my arm to give him strength;* he walked in harmony with me, and in honesty.

  Deus, qui beáto Irenǽo, epíscopo, tribuísti, ut veritátem doctrínæ pacémque Ecclésiæ felíciter confirmáret, concéde, quǽsumus, eius intercessióne, ut nos, fide et caritáte renováti, ad unitátem concordiámque fovéndam semper simus inténti.
Per Dóminum nostrum Iesum Christum, Fílium tuum,
qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitáte Spíritus Sancti, Deus,
per ómnia sǽcula sæculórum.
Let us pray.
Lord God, you strengthened the true faith
  and established the peace of the Church
  by the ministry and writings of Saint Irenaeus.
Through his prayer renew our faith and charity,
  so that we may always work for unity and peace.
Through our Lord Jesus Christ, your Son,
who lives and reigns with you in the unity of the Holy Spirit,
(one) God, for ever and ever.

Benedicámus Dómino.
– Deo grátias.
Let us praise the Lord.
– Thanks be to God.

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